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Dylan Thomas’s “Do not Gentle into that Good Night” is a poem in which Dylan express the process of aging and the acceptance of death.  The speaker seems to think that it is not honorable to accept death quietly for a person filled with life, despite the old age. That death should be fought rather than accepted: “Rage, Rage against the dying of the light” (15). Instead of dying of old age, death should be a resignation from life. We should go out in glory and not simply roll over.  In the second stanza, “wise men at their end know dark is right”, despite the fact that the wise men understand that death is inevitable, they should continue to fight. The wise men can’t accept death because there is much that will be left undo within the world. The poem ends with his father, in this sense the speaker express his mourn for the death of his father and how he wanted his father to fight death. Perhaps this is the speaker longing for his father to remain.  The speaker wants his father to fight death and not accept it; this shows the difference in wisdom because the wise men understand that death is inevitable and they accept it. The son who is obliviously younger than his father is inexperience and perhaps this creates his view about fighting death.


A blind man’s drive

Trapped, in the desolate solitude and lost in fear

Adjectives of man’s metaphysical state

This critical confusion creates the conclusion

That perhaps we were a mistake

Should we rake, away the leaves of disillusion

Accept the reality that life is inclusive.


Yet, how do we find the pot of inclusion?

Spiders, snakes, and sex cause me great fear

Perhaps there is no real; disillusion

As a citizen in a world of states

Dogs bark and bakers bake. Perhaps this isn’t a mistake

Disillusioned are those looking for a conclusion


The necessity to have things concluded

Is what drives the search of inclusion

It isn’t the car but rather the driver that creates the mistake

Races away from the hand of fear

To rid himself of the unknowing state

To escape the world of disillusion


For All the attempts to escape disillusion

The car will always return to the same conclusion

That the individuals metaphysical state

Defines the question of inclusion

Therefore, there is nothing to fear

Any road we take can never be considered a mistake


GPS is a mistake

The blind drives drive in disillusion

He posses no fear

Of the ambiguous conclusion

Reaches a world where inclusiveness

Is gone. And understands his own spiritual state


This rich and peaceful state

That can only be fond by mistake

Accept personal experience as inclusion

The disillusioned rids himself of disillusion

Arrives at the conclusion

The car of truth is powered by personal fear


Our individual metaphysical state creates inclusion

No need to fear our mistake

Because our disillusion is the true conclusion for the question of life.

Wordsworth- Ode: Intimations of Immortality

                In Wordsworth’s poem, he depicts his connection with nature and how humanity ignores nature.  Wordsworth explains how as humanity gets older and times goes, the individual is blinded by unnatural possessions. Wordsworth regrets the fact that he can no longer enjoy nature like he used two when he was a child: “The things which I have seen I now can see no more” (line 9). Wordsworth is torn; as the individuals get older they worry only about gaining more wealth and power. In turn, the individual becomes distant from nature and forgets about the beauty of nature.

                Later into the poem, Wordsworth speaks of the human’s transition from childhood to adulthood and how this causes humanity to distance them self from nature. This is depicted in stanza 7 when Wordsworth states “Some fragment from his dream of human life, Shaped by himself with newly learned art; A wedding or a festival, A mourning or a funeral; And this hath now his heart, And unto this he frames his song; Then will he fit his tongue To dialogues of business, love or strife” (92-99).  The child habituates to the norms of society and distances himself from nature. This can also be viewed as a lost of purity; at the young age the child is not tainted by the greed of society, yet as he gets older the child loses the young innocence he had as a child.

Andrew Joron’s use of enjambments in his poetry allowed him to put emphasis on certain words and create the appropriate meaning for his poems. Through Joron’s poem I gained a stronger understanding of surrealist poetry in contemporary society. According to Wikipedia “Surrealist works feature the element of surprise, unexpected juxtapositions and non sequitur; however, many Surrealist artists and writers regard their work as an expression of the philosophical movement first and foremost, with the works being an artifact”. In Joron’s “Citation for Silence” his use of enjambments and pause, break the fluidity of the poem and at certain points creates the silence that he was speaking of throughout the poem. In addition to Joron’s use of enjambments and pauses, Joron also plays on the element of surprise, the last line being “I hate you Silence”, which was expressed in the ghoulish tone of voice, it left me in complete surprise. As I write this review I still don’t understand the purpose of the last line, perhaps it has to do with Joron being a surrealist poet and the last line was a non sequitur. In this sense, its randomness to the rest of the poem is justified and can be seen as a form of humor.

 William Alexander, similar to Andrew Joron, left me in amazement of the capabilities that can be accomplished through the use of language. Alexander’s poems unlike Joron’s poem use a certain type of language that makes it hard to decipher the meaning behind the poem.  I felt that in order to grasp an understanding of Alexander’s poems you need a strong understanding of the terminology that is being used. Alexander weaves these terms within his poems so easily that the poem at times feels effortless; as if these terms were used in casual conversation. Of all the poems that Alexander read, I find that “Bloody Penguin” has remained with me. Alexander shows his creative and his surrealist touch with the title of the poem, which was my favorite part of the poem. The idea of a bloody penguin in my mind I find to be such a creative image and play on reality. In our society penguins are looked at peaceful and cute creatures, yet Alexander completely flips the societal view of penguins, creating this bloody, evil, killer image of a penguin with in the title. In a sense, playing with reality and our definitions of what is real.

Those Winter Sundays by Robert Hayden

                The poem’s is about a discontented household, in which no gratitude is shown. The speakers express how he did not love his father when he was young. Yet, as the speaker got older he finds that his father loved him very much this is shown through his actions and not his words. The first line shows how this type of love for his family: “Sundays too my father got up early”. This goes to show how on Sunday which is considered the day of rest, the father is preparing to go to work to support his family and heat the house. This heating express the fathers’ importance within the household; how he provides warmth and security.  This love is shown again in line 12 when he explains how his father has polished his shoes.

                The fact that all of this was happening in the winter adds to the affect of the poem. Not only is the father working on a Sunday, but he is also working in a harsh weather environment. Late into the poem we see how the speaker realizes what his father has done for him and feels regret for not appreciating what his father did. In line 5: “No one ever thanked him”. This explains how no one appreciated the things that he did for the family.

Blind Man’s World

A blind man does not cry for the things

He can not touch, lets go of the stuff he

cannot see, his imaginations

paints the canvas of reality

Vivid colors only he can see

Yellow marshmallow fluff, blue rabbit bunch

these things are extraordinary

Don’t fit in the category of what

we would consider ordinary

Yet, the blind man view renews our

Knowledge of what we think is true

Close Reading-“Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey”

Wordsworth, poem shows the nature’s ability to teach individuals a lesson. The speaker who is lost comes back to the root of his childhood; the Tintern Abbey. The speaker then reconciles in his growth and how he has changed yet nature has remained the same. The speaker then goes on to explain how he would remember the environment and it would give him peace of mind. Wordsworth states, “Unprofitable, and the fever of the world, have hung upon the beating of my heart—How oft, in spirit, have I turned to thee” (53-55). This shows how when faced with worldly problems he reconciles in nature for peace of mind. This can also be looked at with a religious connotation, with using the word “spirit”; we can draw the interpretation that nature can be a metaphor for God. This idea of peace of mind works well with the tranquil and soft spoken tone of the poem. Through the tone we can see the relaxed and moment of peace that the speaker is in.

Wordsworth also touches on the idea of change in the poem; we see this when the speaker is explains how he cannot rekindle the relationship he once had with nature when he was a child. The speaker does not “mourn” this lost because he has gained new “gifts”; a more mature view of nature. I think that this poem is a conceit, where Wordsworth uses Nature as a metaphor for religion. When he looks at nature when younger, he abides by it and lives of nature. To the speaker, nature was his entire world. The speaker views toward nature at a young age are similar to a young religious follower who does not fully grasp an understanding of the religious teachings but abides by them blindly. When the speaker gets older we see how he grasps a stronger understanding of nature or religion because he loses some of the innocents that he had as a child. Also this religious theme is shown when the speaker reconciles in the nature when pressured by the world, much like how people reconcile in religion and look to religion for answer. Lastly, there is a large use of religious language within the poem such words as spirit, faith, blessing, etc that come up throughout the poem.




I wake and find that it is still here

Seasons change yet it remains here

My thoughts are jumbled heart tangled

I feel the anger that it gave, you left

My tongue doesn’t understand so I yell

The worlds ears ignores the sounds of pains

I wish I could get up and go a way

Yet that is not a rule in this kind game

Roll the dice I promise it will get good

Once you pass go, things will change

It will be gone and you can stop playing charades

This pain is driving me insane

I want it gone but I know thats not real

I feel the only way to escape is to

Blow out my brains.


A fit of rhyme against Rhyme

Ben Jonson’s “A fit rhyme against rhyme” uses rhyme throughout the poem, to talk about the uses of rhyme within poetry.  The poem is very sarcastic because Jonson uses rhyme to criticize and ridicule rhyme. Jonson uses the rhyme scheme of AABCCB throughout the entire poem. In lines 10-12 we see how he ridicules rhyme: “Jointing syllables, drowning letters, Fastening vowels, as with fetters they were bound!” Jonson explains how poets are bound to have to use rhyme scheme within poetry. Jonson also has a very structured poem which uses the same rhyme scheme throughout the entire poem this makes the poem.  The use of the same rhyme scheme creates a boring poem because we know what is going to come next. I think that Jonson decided to use the same rhyme scheme throughout the poem to create more criticism and show how rhyming is a very boring and structured. This is to show the constant use of metrical rhyme throughout poetry. Based on this poem I feel that Jonson, prefers more of a free verse type of poetry then the structured rhyme we see in his poem.


Paradoxes and Oxymorons

This poem is a poem that makes it obvious that the speaker is talking to the reader. The title of the poem “Paradoxes and Oxymorons” the theme that the poem is something that is different and out of the ordinary, that it contradicts itself. This title prepares the reader for the poem, which is paradoxical because its is literally a poem which is speaking to the reader. From my reading of the poem I feel that the speaker is addressing the reader about how poems are subjective to the individuals own understanding of the poem. The speaker of the poem touches on the idea of plain level which means to be the words and the literal message of poems. Most readers do not gain the same understanding of the poem that others do because they do not achieve the same interpretation of reading. Ashbery writes in line 5 “This poem is sad because it wants to be yours”, this points out the duties of poetry and how poems are suppose to become interpretations of our understanding of them. Later into the poem we see how the poem takes the reader and due  to the readers interpretation makes the poem his own. Ashbery states “The poem is you” (line 16) this creates the idea that in the end the poem is our subjective interpretation.